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Electronic Voting Machines

The electronic voting machines (EVMs) presently being used in India fail to meet the requirements of transparency and verifiability. With these EVMs, the voter may press a button and see the flash of the adjacent light, but that does not assure him that his vote is correctly recorded, and that the final tally honestly reflects the votes cast. 

We strongly support the view expressed in 2009 by the German Constitutional Court, in a judgment that banned the use of paper-less EVMs - 
“In a republic, elections are a matter for the entire people and a joint concern of all citizens. Consequently, the monitoring of the election procedure must also be a matter for and a task of the citizen. Each citizen must be able to comprehend and verify the central steps in the elections reliably and without any special prior technical knowledge.”

On 8th October 2013, the Supreme Court, in its judgment on  CA 9093 of 2013, held that introduction of a paper trail for EVMs is indispensable for free and fair elections, and that without it, voters can have no confidence in EVMs. However, in that judgment, there is no explicit direction that if the Election Commission is unable to use EVMs with paper-trail facility, then traditional paper ballots must be used. To close this gap, we have approached the Supreme Court in WP(C) 1014 of 2013. The petition (with annexures) is available here.   

An introductory video that explains some of the security issues in EVMs - 


In the case CA 9093 of 2013, we were an intervening party, and were permitted to give our submissions in writing. Our submissions therein have a fairly detailed explanation of the constitutional and technical issues involved, and are available here.
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